The Earth's biological resources are vital to humanity's economic and social development. As a result, there is a growing recognition that biological diversity is a global asset of tremendous value to present and future generations. At the same time, the threat to species and ecosystems has never been so great as it is today. Species extinction caused by human activities continues at an alarming rate.
Biodiversity is the diversity among living organisms, which is essential to ecosystems function and services delivery.
Biodiversity includes diversity within and among species and ecosystems. Changes in biodiversity can influence the supply of ecosystem services. Biodiversity, as with ecosystem services, must be protected and sustainably managed.
Ecosystems – living elements which interact with each other and their non-living environments – provide benefits, or services, to the world.
Ecosystem services are the multitude of benefits that nature provides to society. They make human life possible by, for example, providing nutritious food and clean water, regulating disease and climate, supporting the pollination of crops and soil formation, and providing recreational, cultural and spiritual benefits. Despite an estimated value of $125 trillion, these assets are not adequately accounted for in political and economic policy, which means there is insufficient investment in their protection and management. Read about the four types of services the world’s ecosystems provide in the section below.
Did you know
Climate change disrupts
the seasonal and geographical
patterns of migratory species.
90% of biodiversity!
whales, dolphins, and porpoises
each year as a result of by-catch.
Conserving habitats of waterbirds helps
restore wetlands as carbon sinks.
disperse the seeds of tree species,
sustain ecosystem functions in
Wild, migratory animals are an important resource for human kind, while also providing essential services for the environments and ecological systems through which they pass.
- 16 February 2017UN Chief António Guterres Attends G20 Foreign Ministers Meeting in Bonn, a hub for Sustainability
- 16 February 2017UN-Chef António Guterres beim G20-Außenministertreffen in Bonn, einem Zentrum der Nachhaltigkeit
- 09 February 2017IPBES: Media Invitation & Accreditation Information to the fifth session of IPBES (IPBES-5)
- 08 February 201725 Years ASCOBANS: Disentangling the Bycatch Problem
- 01 February 2017Wetlands Are Critical to the Success of the SDGs
- 01 February 2017Applications for 2017 Momentum for Change Awards Now Open: Submit Your Climate Solution!
- 01 February 2017Ausschreibung für „Momentum for Change Awards 2017“ läuft an: Präsentieren Sie Ihre Klimalösung!
- 20 January 201725 Years ASCOBANS: The Birth of the Agreement
- 13 January 2017PRESSEEINLADUNG: 1. Februar 2017 - EU-UN Medienstammtisch „Zukunft der Klimapolitik“
- 13 January 2017PRESS INVITE: 1 February 2017 - EU-UN media round table “The Future of Climate Policy”
- 01 September 2016Countries Act to Better Protect Whales and Dolphins from Bycatch, Chemicals and Underwater Munitions
- 25 August 2016Press Release: 20th International Bats Night - Bats Make the World a Better Place for us Humans and the Biodiversity we depend on.
- 01 July 2016AEWA Strategic Plan Revision Process Starts in Bonn – Top Priorities for Flyway Conservation Identified up to 2027
- 26 June 2016UNEP Expands Access to Vast Body of Environmental Law
- 23 June 2016Ocean Cleanup - North Sea Trials to Start
- 23 June 2016UNEP Expands Access to Vast Body of Environmental Law
- 23 June 20162016/016: Grants for Wildlife Conservation and Marine Issues
- 22 June 2016CMS Secretariat visits Bonn International School
- 22 June 2016Twenty Years of UN Presence in Bonn
- 20 June 2016Flying for their lives